An Enamelled Glass Mosque Lamp in the name of 'Abbas Helmi Pasha, Egypt, dated Ah 1328/1910 Ad

Of typical Mamluk form with sloping rounded body and flared mouth on short foot, six simple loop handles around the body, the surface decorated in red and blue enamels and gilt with a band of blue-outlined red thuluth around the mouth, the underside of the body with similar calligraphy in blue outlined with gold and divided by two roundels giving the name of the patron as 'Abbas Helmi, the body with double gold band of strapwork forming drop shapes around the handles alternated with cartouches around floral panels reserved against gold ground, a band of gilt circles between cusped borders below, similar cusping between all registers, repaired breaks. 13¾in. (34.1cm.) high - Estimate £20,000 - £30,000

Provenance: Adda Family Collection, formed in Alexandria in the first half of the 20th century.

Notes: This mosque lamp bears the name of 'Abbas Helmi II, the great great grandson of Muhammad 'Ali, who was Khedive of Egypt between 8 January 1892 and 19 December 1914. A similar mosque lamp, with the same date, the name of 'Abbas Helmi Pasha and an inverted but similar colour scheme is known in a private collection. The presence of two suggests a group commissioned for a particular institution.

It is tempting to suggest that these mosque lamps were made for the Mosque of Al-Rifa'i on which work began in 1869. The first stage of construction came to a halt after the abdication of the Khedive Isma'il in 1880 but was resumed in 1905 under 'Abbas Helmi II who handed the task of completion of the monument to Max Herz Bey, the Hungarian architect in charge of the Committee for the Conservation of Arab Monuments in Cairo. It was completed in 1912, soon after the date found on this mosque lamp.

Christie's. Art of the Islamic and Indian Worlds 31 March 2009 . London, King Street. www.christies.com Image 2009 Christie's Ltd